Ancient Greece was a civilization that lasted from around 700 BC to about 600 AD. It spread across Europe and beyond to become one of the most powerful civilizations to ever exist. This civilization was home to many of the greatest men of history including Homer, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. A less known fact about these great men of academia is that they loved riddles. Here is a riddle in Homer’s life:
We have what we did not find; what we did find we left behind.
The answer to this riddle is lice. Homer supposedly journeyed to an island called Ios and was posed this riddle by some boys who were just fishing. He then dies while pondering the answer.
Plato is one of the best and first philosophers in Western society. Being one of the first great academic men of history he had very little to work off of and a lot of work to do. One little known fact about him is that he was a sucker for some good riddles. One of his riddles from his dialogue, the Republic, goes as follows:
There is a story that a man and not a man Saw and did not see a bird and not a bird Perched on a branch and not a branch And hit him and did not hit him with a rock and not a rock.
Essentially this riddle is asking you how this set of conditions could be possible. The answer is pretty clever and allows for all of the ambiguity in the riddle:
A eunuch who did not see well saw a bat perched on a reed and threw a pumice stone at him which missed.